Alzheimer's / Dementia: Most Popular Articles
Good news for those of you who enjoy eating berries. Here's how they can protect your brain, as well as serve as a delicious snack.
The 2008 Oscar nominations included two Best Actress nods for performances in movies that deal with Alzheimer's disease and dementia. Here are eight movies you shouldn't miss that handle this difficult subject with grace, dignity, and realism.
Of the many existing tests that screen for Alzheimer's, the MMSE is widely used and reliable. Taking about 10 minutes to complete, the MMSE measures aspects of cognition that include orientation, word recall, attention and calculation, language abilities, and visual construction. Scores may need to be adjusted or interpreted differently to account for a person's age, educational level, and ethnicity/race.
About 5% of those with Alzheimer's disease have early-onset Alzheimer's, which affects people younger than age 65. Learn about the signs, symptoms, and diagnosis of early-onset Alzheimer's disease.
While scientists are still trying to determine what causes Alzheimer's, they have pinpointed several factors that increase a person's risk for developing the disease. Understanding how plaques and tangles, age, family history, and lifestyle affect risk can empower people to accept the factors they cannot change and make adjustments in the areas over which they do have control.
Although each person is different, most advance through a series of stages characterized by progressively more serious Alzheimer's symptoms. Seven stages of Alzheimer's symptoms developed by researchers and physicians describe how a person’s functioning changes over time, from a normally functioning adult to someone with severe, advanced Alzheimer’s disease.
Confused about how to distinguish delirium from dementia? Here's a practical guide outlining the differences, as well as tips on how to spot delirium in someone who has dementia.
Of the increasing number of available tests that screen for Alzheimer's disease, the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) has been used in memory clinics, community settings, and academic settings.
Are you confused about sensory, short-term, working, and long-term memory? Learn about these 4 types of memory and how they are impacted by Alzheimer's disease.
Lewy body dementia is one of the second most common types of dementia, along with vascular dementia. Learn about the prevalence, causes, risk factors, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of Lewy body dementia. Page 3.
Curious what the difference is between Alzheimer's and vascular dementia? Review this summary that compares the prevalence, progression, cause, symptoms and other factors of each disease.
Vascular dementia is one of the second most common types of dementia, along with Lewy body dementia. Learn about the prevalence, causes, risk factors, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of vascular dementia.
Before a diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease, people often notice early indicators -- either about themselves or about a relative -- that signal possible Alzheimer's. Be aware of the ten classic warning signs first identified by the Alzheimer's Association.
Confused about the difference between Alzheimer's disease and Lewy body dementia? Learn how these two kinds of dementia are alike and different from each other, including their prevalence, prognosis and symptoms.
Six Types of Elder Abuse. How seniors are abused physically, psychologically, sexually, financially or by neglect.
Alzheimer's is the most common cause of dementia -- in fact, almost two-thirds of dementia cases are due to Alzheimer's disease. However, a host of other conditions can also cause dementia, including vascular dementia, Lewy body disease, HIV/AIDS, normal pressure hydrocephalus, Wernicke Korsakoff syndrome, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, Pick's disease, Parkinson's disease, head trauma, and Huntington's disease.
Understanding the symptoms of Alzheimer's disease can help you determine if you or a loved one may have the disease. Learn about the different stages of Alzheimer's and how they affect cognition, emotions, behavior and physical health.
The clock-drawing test: What is it, how is it scored, and is it an effective screen for Alzheimer's and other dementia? How does the clock-drawing test compare to the Mini Mental State Exam (MMSE)?
Learn more about what to expect in the progression of Lewy body dementia, and how this disease progresses differently than Alzheimer's disease.
Although there's no cure for Alzheimer's, there's often confusion about whether it's a fatal disease. Learn about the prognosis for someone who's been diagnosed with Alzheimer's.
Of the increasing number of available tests that screen for Alzheimer's disease, the Saint Louis University Mental Status Examination (SLUMS) may be especially helpful in the early detection of cognitive impairment.
Reminiscence is something we all do and the older we get the more likely we are to fall back on our memories. This perfectly natural activity can have a great therapeutic effect with people who suffer with memory loss for recent events. Tapping into a persons past can not only reveal a rich seam of insight and wisdom, but it can be a real tonic for someone who has memory difficulties as a result of their condition. Read more about reminiscence therapy.
The clock drawing test is an assessment that can be used as a part of a neurological test or as a screening tool for Alzheimer's and other types of dementia.
Lewy body dementia is one of the second most common types of dementia, along with vascular dementia. Learn about the prevalence, causes, risk factors, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of Lewy body dementia.
Learn how the Digit Span Test is conducted and what it assesses.
For those with dementia, there's more to activities than just bingo. Consider some of these practical options for mental stimulation and social interaction.
In Alzheimer's disease incontinence often becomes a major source of stress for the person with Alzheimer's and their caregivers. In this article I look at the condom catheter for men.
Learn what Alzheimer's disease is, what its symptoms are, how it's diagnosed and treated, and how to cope with the effects of this most common form of dementia.
A simple word test may be the key to early diagnosis of Alzheimer's.
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Although there are several ways to screen for dementia, the verbal fluency test is one of the quickest ways. Learn how to administer and score this simple cognitive test, as well as how to interpret the results.
Did you know that low levels of vitamin B12 can cause symptoms of dementia? Learn about the symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of vitamin B12 deficiency, and how it differs from Alzheimer's disease.
What is visuospatial ability and how is it relevant to people with Alzheimer's disease?
The late stages of Alzheimer's are a time of slowing down compared to earlier stages, when behavioral symptoms are more prominent. Still, it's important to know about late-stage symptoms and how to provide optimal care in regard to nutrition, bowel and bladder issues, immobility, infections and illnesses, and pain and comfort. Learn about the late stages of Alzheimer's disease.
Lewy body dementia is one of the second most common types of dementia, along with vascular dementia. Learn about the prevalence, causes, risk factors, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of Lewy body dementia. Page 2.
Preventing falls is an important goal when caring for someone with dementia. Understanding why people fall is one key to reducing them. Learn about some common causes and contributors to falls, and what you can do to help.
Learn about the benefits and cautions of using reality orientation as an approach to confusion in people with dementia.
How long is it useful to provide medication or someone with Alzheimer's disease? There are a number of important things you need to consider
Neurosyphilis a dementia caused by syphilis
What is brain atrophy? Learn what causes it and how you can prevent or even reverse cerebral atrophy.
Reading Blood Pressure & Pulse
When it comes to Alzheimer's disease, seeing the right kind of professional is crucial to receiving the proper care and treatment. But who do you see? The medical field has split itself into so many specialties that finding the right professional can be a daunting task. Read on to determine what kind of expert will best meet your specific needs. Of course, always check to make sure professionals are licensed or certified to practice their specializations.
Although there is no single test that can definitively diagnosis Alzheimer's disease, a qualified physician can diagnose Alzheimer's with over 90% accuracy. Learn what to expect during a diagnostic workup and what kinds of specialists may be involved in the process.
The Mini-Cog is a rapid Alzheimer's screening test that takes only 3-5 minutes to administer. It combines 3-item recall with the clock-drawing test.
In Pick's disease the brain tissue changes and loss occurs in focal areas of the brain rather than the generalized damage associated with Alzheimer's.
Fifty ideas for activities for Alzheimer's.
Communicating and talking with someone who has dementia requires a few modifications. Here are a few ideas to help you communicate in the most effective way
Alzheimer's disease is presently considered the sixth leading cause of death in the United States. While Alzheimer's disease is a progressive illness that invariably leads to death, the main causes of death include pneumonia, cardiovascular diseases, lung embolism, cachexia, and dehydration.
Are you wondering if you or a friend may be experiencing early onset Alzheimer's? Although Alzheimer's typically affects older adults, it can also strike younger people with jobs and families. Learn what symptoms to look for at your job if you have early onset dementia.
If you or someone you know has recently been diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease, it can be helpful to know what to expect. Learn about the symptoms, emotions and impending decisions associated with early stage Alzheimer's disease.
Not sure what to do or say to someone with Alzheimer's disease? Start by skipping these 10 things, and you'll be way ahead.
The earlier stages of Alzheimer's affects cognitive processes more than physical functioning. Late-stage Alzheimer's affects control bodily systems.
The paranoia and delusions that can be part of Alzheimer's and other dementias can be hard to handle, especially when loved ones make accusations or become angry with us. Review these suggestions of how to cope with and respond to these challenging behaviors in dementia.
Depending on which part of the brain is suspected as the cause of dementia, the dementia may be classified as either cortical or subcortical.
What's the difference between Alzheimer's disease and dementia? How common is Alzheimer's, and can other disorders mimic it? What symptoms indicate that a person might have Alzheimer's disease, and how is it diagnosed and treated? Learn the basics about Alzheimer's disease.
Learn what the Trail Making Test consists of, how Part A differs from Part B, how it's scored and how it's used to screen people for dementia.
The extrapyramidal motor system is a neural network located in the brain that is involved in the coordination of movement.
Blood pressure results from two forces. One created by the heart as it pumps blood into the arteries through the circulatory system. The other is the force of the arteries as they resist the blood flow.
The Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale- Cognitive Subscale test is one of the most frequently used tests to measure cognition in clinical trials.
Sometimes challenging behaviors in dementia take the form of obsessive-compulsive actions. Learn about what those behaviors are, why they develop and how we can respond to them.
Urinary tract infection in the elderly or in people with Alzheimer's can profoundly affect not only their health but can result in significant behavioral changes.
Confused about how to treat Alzheimer's disease? Learn about drug therapy and non-drug approaches for the symptoms of Alzheimer's.
Learn how prevalent hip fractures are in people with dementia, the prognosis for recovery, and how you can help prevent falls and fractures.
Do you or your loved one take more than five medications? Learn about the risk of too many medications and how drug interactions can cause signs of delirium and dementia.
Also known as pressure ulcers, bed sores, or skin ulcers; pressure sores are areas of damaged skin and tissue at the points on the body where sustained pressure, friction or moisture leads to the skin being injured.
Alzheimer's disease can create challenging behaviors such as aggression, agitation, apathy, confusion, hallucinations, repetition, sundowning, suspicion, and wandering. Learn how to manage the challenging behaviors associated with Alzheimer's disease.
The possibility of an Alzheimer's disease diagnosis can elicit stress and anxiety. Reduce this anxiety by learning what tests are used to diagnose Alzheimer's,which doctor you should go to for an evaluation and how to prepare for the appointment.
The Alzheimer's brain looks very different from the normal brain. Plaques, tangles, size and shape can all be affected.
A type of dementia that occurs if a patient develops a progressive dementia at least two years after a diagnosis of Parkinson's disease has been made.
Learn about different kinds of challenging behaviors in dementia, why they develop, their prevalence, and how to respond to them.
Learn how thyroid disorders including hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism can affect your ability to concentrate, remember, react and visually process information.
Are you faced with a decision about feeding tube placement for your loved one with Alzheimer's? Learn about the pros and cons of tube feeding in late-stage dementia.
Learn what validation therapy consists of and how to use it to help people with Alzheimer's or other dementias.
Frontotemporal Dementia is a fairly common dementia, yet is often misdiagnosed initially. Learn about its symptoms, prognosis and treatments, as well as how it differs from Alzheimer's.
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Early diagnosis of dementia is key for treatment and planning, so if you're going to be spending time with your loved ones soon, take note of these signs that might indicate mild dementia.
Learn about some of the symptoms and challenges of mid-stage/moderate Alzheimer's, and how you can respond well to them.
Elopement is a dangerous outcome of wandering that occurs often in people with dementia who reside in nursing homes and assisted living facilities.
Understanding The Blood Pressure Reading
Despite being a pejorative, confusing term, the word senile has a fairly straightforward meaning: the state of being aged. Because the words senile and senility connote infirmity, feeblemindedness, and even dementia, they are usually best avoided when describing an aging person.
Alzheimer's disease does not discrimate when it comes to who is and who is not affected. Here is a list of famous people and celebrities that have Alzheimer's.
Neuropsychological testing is sometimes used in the evaluation of Alzheimer's disease to learn more about the nature and level of a person's impairment. Learn about neuropsychological tests commonly used to diagnose Alzheimer's disease, such as the ADAS-Cog, Blessed Test, CANTAB, Clock Drawing Test, Cognistat, and NPI.
Learn what Huntington's Disease is, what its symptoms are, how it's passed down genetically and what treatments are available. Also, how is it similar to and different from Alzheimer's disease?
When Alzheimer's disease strikes someone before the age of 65, it is known as early-onset Alzheimer's disease. Learn about the diagnosis, treatment, and caregiving challenges of early-onset Alzheimer's.
Learn what the Boston Naming Test is, what it measures, how its scored and how effective it is at identifying Alzheimer's and other dementias.
Interested in keeping your brain healthy? There's no sure way to prevent Alzheimer's yet, but maintaining an active brain helps reduce the risk. Try these 12 fun ways to keep your mind in shape!
Urinary or fecal incontinence in Alzheimer's can be very challenging for both the person experiencing it and the caregiver. Consider these practical ways to reduce and prevent incontinence in dementia.
The causes of memory loss range from simply being distracted to Alzheimer's disease. Learn about the different reasons we forget information.
Although there is currently no way to cure Alzheimer's or stop its progression, researchers are making encouraging advances in Alzheimer's treatment. Learn about current Alzheimer's treatment, including medications and non-drug approaches to promote symptom management.
This article describes many of the important legal considerations in Alzheimer's disease: appointing a health care proxy or durable power of attorney for health care. Concepts such as advance directives, mental capacity and competence are explained, and advice and resources for caregivers and patients are provided.
How do you know when to move your loved one into a nursing home? This decision is a challenging one, so here are some tips for you to think about as you consider this choice.
Learn what the Stroop test, what it's used for, and how effective it is as an assessment for early stage Alzheimer's disease.
My doctor has recommended a CT scan. What is it and how do CT scans work?
There's quite a bit of information circulating about using coconut oil to treat and prevent Alzheimer's disease. I did some research, and here's what I found.
Fecal incontinence is stigmatizing, embarrassing and causes misery to both with person with Alzheimer's and their caregiver.
If someone with Alzheimer's disease had their cognition restored, what would they say? See life from their perspective and learn what they might wish you knew about them.
Alzheimer's disease can cause inappropriate behavior with sexual overtones (undressing in public) as well as take a toll on physical intimacy, especially when the afflicted partner can no longer give meaningful consent. Learn what sexuality changes to expect in relation to Alzheimer's disease and how to cope with them.
It is estimated that up to 70% of people with Alzheimer's disease will experience disruption of nighttime sleep. Practitioners recommend a variety of coping mechanisms for sleep disorders, ranging from medication to changes in daily routines. Learn how to manage sleep disturbance in Alzheimer's disease.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may detect signs of Alzheimer's disease even before mental impairment becomes obvious, though it hasn't yet been confirmed as a foolproof diagnostic tool. Learn about MRI, its current uses and future prospects in the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease.
Have you ever experienced that tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon? That's a frequent frustration for many people, including those who are living with Alzheimer's and other dementias. Learn about some of the causes of word-finding difficulties, as well as some practical suggestions for how to respond to them when they occur in a loved one with Alzheimer's.
If you're a caregiver for a family member or friend with dementia, there are often lots of challenges and rewards that come with that role. Sometimes we get stuck in patterns without intending to, and not all of those habits are helpful. Do you struggle with any of these areas in the role of caregiver for your loved one?
Without private insurance, it may seem like paying for Alzheimer's care will cripple the family budget. From Medicare to disability income, though, there are options for those without insurance. Although this assistance may not completely eliminate the financial burden associated with a diagnosis of Alzheimer's, these government and state programs can provide a helping hand along the way.
Snoezelen is a type of therapy that was developed in the Netherlands in the seventies by institutions caring for severely disabled people. The idea of snoezelen is to have both relaxing and activating effects that promote well-being.
Restraint use for people with dementia such as Alzheimer's disease is not desirable. Physical restraints were at one time frequently used to subdue and contain the confused. Restraints became instruments of abuse. Far from keeping people from harm, physical restraints can increase falls, injury and medication abuse.
If you or your loved one needs skilled care in a nursing facility, you may wonder if insurance will cover the cost, how Medicare and Medicaid work, and if you will have to pay for the cost out of pocket. Learn the basics about payment options in skilled care facilities.
Hallucinations can occur in several types of dementia, but people with Lewy body dementia are particularly prone to experience repetitive hallucinations. Learn more about this phenomenon, including some tips for responding to and treating hallucinations in Lewy body dementia.
While it's important to keep your loved one comfortable during late-stage Alzheimer's, this can be challenging because the disease affects your relative's ability to tell you when he or she is uncomfortable. Here are three ways to recognize pain in late-stage Alzheimer's disease.
Have you ever seen a person with Alzheimer's disease restrained in their wheelchair? If so, how did this make you feel? Learn about the risks of using restraints for people who have dementia, as well as some compassionate alternatives to this practice.
What is the long-term memory, and how Alzheimer's disease affects its functioning? What's the best way to respond to memory loss in others?
Alzheimer's disease causes many problems, including anxiety. This feeling of uneasiness, fear, and apprehension occurs in many who have Alzheimer's, particularly during the early and middle stages of the disease. Anxiety can increase distress for both individuals with Alzheimer's and their caregivers, but a number of pharmaceutical and behavioral strategies can help.
Wondering what the term combative behavior means? Or, perhaps you are well aware of its definition but are wondering how you should respond to it. Learn some practical techniques for responding to combative behavior in people with dementia.
Symptoms of Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) in Alzheimer's Disease
Has your loved one designated a medical power of attorney? If so, do you know how and when it should be put into effect? Learn about the process of activating a durable power of attorney for healthcare.
What's the difference between dementia and pseudodementia?
Are you caring for someone with dementia? Learn eight reasons why it's critical to offer meaningful activities to people who have Alzheimer's and other types of dementia.
What is confabulation and how does it differ from lying or confusion?
This article distinguishes forgetfulness due to normal aging and memory loss from symptoms that may indicate early Alzheimer's disease.
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Younger people with dementia, their caregivers and children have to face problems that older people with Alzheimer's disease do not. Roughly a third of young people with Dementia have Alzheimer's disease. Early onset Alzheimer's can develop in some very rare cases in people in their thirties.
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What does it mean when my doctor refers to cognitive symptoms?
If you've ever experienced senior moments – a nonmedical term for mental glitches – you're not alone. Over time, the brain often experiences some normal age-related memory loss, which can lead to a variety of senior moments. Learn what causes senior moments, how they differ from Alzheimer's disease and how to manage senior moments, so that they become only occasional annoyances.
Have you heard of the use of dolls in Alzheimer's disease? Here are some potential benefits and concerns related to therapeutic dolls.
Changing the caregiver's approach to challenging behavior in Alzheimer's disease can improve coping and quality of life for both those with Alzheimer's and their loved ones. Rather than first resorting to medication to handle agitation or aggression in Alzheimer's, try these eight practical tips.
Wondering what primary progressive aphasia is? Here's an overview of its symptoms, treatment, and prognosis, as well as how it differs from other more well-known neurological problems, such as Alzheimer's.
Learn about what hoarding is, why it sometimes accompanies dementia and how we can respond to it.
Are there Alzheimer's risk factors that influence who gets Alzheimer's disease and why? Research has revealed important Alzheimer's risk factors -- some preventable, others not -- that affect one's chances of developing the disease.
Learn how dementia with Lewy bodies and Parkinson's disease dementia are alike and different from each other.
Areas of the brain affected by Alzheimer's dementia - frontal lobe damage
Is there a difference between Alzheimer's disease and normal age-related memory loss? While people do experience minor changes in their memory and thinking as they age, these changes don't affect daily functioning or the ability to live independently. Learn about the differences between normal age-related memory loss and Alzheimer’s disease.
What's the difference between dementia and Alzheimer's?
Curious about what causes dementia besides Alzheimer's? Learn about normal pressure hydrocephalus, a reportedly under-diagnosed cause of dementia. Know how to spot the symptoms, how it's diagnosed, and what treatments are available. Also, how is normal pressure hydrocephalus different from Alzheimer's disease?
Areas of the brain affected by Alzheimer's dementia - parietal lobe damage
Do you have questions about nursing homes? I've compiled some frequently asked questions and answers on different care options, the associated benefits and concerns, and payment options.
A diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease brings many challenges and concerns. Coping includes everything from communication to planning ahead to developing a support network to handling challenging behaviors. Learning how to cope with Alzheimer's can improve the quality of life for both you and your loved ones.
Being a caregiver for someone with dementia can be very rewarding as well as quite challenging. Care-giving requires the dedication of time, as well as physical and emotional energy. Review these 7 signs of caregiver overload to evaluate how you're doing in the important job of taking care of yourself as well as your loved one.
Although science is getting closer, there's still no simple Alzheimer's disease test. Instead, physicians start by ruling out other causes of symptoms such as memory loss, confusion, and difficulty executing simple tasks. Alzheimer's disease diagnosis almost always includes blood testing. Learn more about the blood tests involved with Alzheimer's disease diagnosis and what else these tests may discover.
People with Alzheimer's might exhibit sundowning, or a marked increase in agitation and confusion in the late afternoon and evening. Learn how to manage sundowning in Alzheimer's disease.
Alzheimer's disease is a devastating illness, but unique treatments like the hormone melatonin may be able to improve difficult symptoms such as sleeplessness and sundowning. Learn about melatonin and what research has found about its benefits for people with Alzheimer's disease.
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Areas of the brain affected by Alzheimer's dementia - temporal lobe damage
There is evidence that people with dementia admitted to psychogeriatric nursing homes and care facilities die comparatvely quickly.
Loop-thoughts, repeated bothersome unnecessary thoughts (rumination), can occur at any time to anybody. I use this technique when I am under stress and begin to find myself thinking about a situation or have concerns that keeps repeating over and over with no resolution. I have also seen the technique used very successfully in therapeutic situations with all types of problems and people.
Wondering about pet therapy and if it really helps people who have Alzheimer's or another dementia? Learn more about the possible benefits of animal-assisted therapy.
Years ago, memory loss was considered to simply be an inevitable part of aging. Today, however, we know that memory loss once considered normal now may be an early sign of disease, or mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Learn more about mild cognitive impairment and memory loss in aging adults.
Dealing with someone that is having a seizure can be scary. When someone is having a 'fit' their muscles jerk, they can lose conciouness, they often fall to the ground and can make noises- rasping, shouting out, their faces grimace, they can become rigid
Perhaps you're considering designating someone to make medical decisions if some day you're not able to clearly communicate your preferences. Learn the benefits of, and how to draw up, a durable power of attorney for healthcare.
What does it mean when the doctor says my loved one is showing apraxia?
How do I know if Alzheimer's is affecting executive functioning?
What is behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia? Learn about its symptoms, treatment and prognosis, as well as how it differs from Alzheimer's disease.