Alzheimer's/Dementia: Most Popular Articles
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Vascular dementia is one of the second most common types of dementia, along with Lewy body dementia. Learn about the prevalence, causes, risk factors, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of vascular dementia.
Although each person is different, most advance through a series of stages characterized by progressively more serious Alzheimer's symptoms.
The 2008 Oscar nominations included two Best Actress nods for performances in movies that deal with Alzheimer's disease and dementia. Here are eight movies you shouldn't miss that handle this difficult subject with grace, dignity, and realism.
Of the many existing tests that screen for Alzheimer's, the MMSE is widely used and reliable. Taking about 10 minutes to complete, the MMSE measures aspects of cognition that include orientation, word recall, attention and calculation, language abilities, and visual construction. Scores may need to be adjusted or interpreted differently to account for a person's age, educational level, and ethnicity/race.
What is brain atrophy? Learn what causes it and how you can prevent or even reverse cerebral atrophy.
Are you confused about sensory, short-term, working, and long-term memory? Learn about these 4 types of memory and how they are impacted by Alzheimer's disease.
Understanding the symptoms of Alzheimer's disease can help you determine if you or a loved one may have the disease. Learn about the different stages of Alzheimer's and how they affect cognition, emotions, behavior and physical health.
Did you know that low levels of vitamin B12 can cause symptoms of dementia? Learn about the symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of vitamin B12 deficiency, and how it differs from Alzheimer's disease.
Before a diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease, people often notice early indicators -- either about themselves or about a relative -- that signal possible Alzheimer's. Be aware of the ten classic warning signs first identified by the Alzheimer's Association.
Learn more about what to expect in the progression of Lewy body dementia, and how this disease progresses differently than Alzheimer's disease.
Lewy body dementia is one of the second most common types of dementia, along with vascular dementia. Learn about the prevalence, causes, risk factors, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of Lewy body dementia. Page 3.
Confused about the difference between Alzheimer's disease and Lewy body dementia? Learn how these two kinds of dementia are alike and different from each other, including their prevalence, prognosis and symptoms.
The clock-drawing test: What is it, how is it scored, and is it an effective screen for Alzheimer's and other dementia? How does the clock-drawing test compare to the Mini Mental State Exam (MMSE)?
Learn what Alzheimer's disease is, what its symptoms are, how it's diagnosed and treated, and how to cope with the effects of this most common form of dementia.
While scientists are still trying to determine what causes Alzheimer's, they have pinpointed several factors that increase a person's risk for developing the disease. Understanding how plaques and tangles, age, family history, and lifestyle affect risk can empower people to accept the factors they cannot change and make adjustments in the areas over which they do have control.
Of the increasing number of available tests that screen for Alzheimer's disease, the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) has been used in memory clinics, community settings, and academic settings.
Alzheimer's is the most common cause of dementia -- in fact, almost two-thirds of dementia cases are due to Alzheimer's disease. However, a host of other conditions can also cause dementia, including vascular dementia, Lewy body disease, HIV/AIDS, normal pressure hydrocephalus, Wernicke Korsakoff syndrome, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, Pick's disease, Parkinson's disease, head trauma, and Huntington's disease.
A comparison of the prevalence, progression, cause, symptoms and other factors of each of these two types of dementia.
Are there other benefits to clean teeth besides minty fresh breath? Learn how dental health might benefit your brain.
About 5% of those with Alzheimer's disease have early-onset Alzheimer's, which affects people younger than age 65. Learn about the signs, symptoms, and diagnosis of early-onset Alzheimer's disease.
Are you wondering if you or a friend may be experiencing early onset Alzheimer's? Although Alzheimer's typically affects older adults, it can also strike younger people with jobs and families. Learn what symptoms to look for at your job if you have early onset dementia.
Of the increasing number of available tests that screen for Alzheimer's disease, the Saint Louis University Mental Status Examination (SLUMS) may be especially helpful in the early detection of cognitive impairment.
For those with dementia, there's more to activities than just bingo. Consider some of these practical options for mental stimulation and social interaction.
Lewy body dementia is one of the second most common types of dementia, along with vascular dementia. Learn about the prevalence, causes, risk factors, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of Lewy body dementia.
Alzheimer's disease is presently considered the sixth leading cause of death in the United States. While Alzheimer's disease is a progressive illness that invariably leads to death, the main causes of death include pneumonia, cardiovascular diseases, lung embolism, cachexia, and dehydration.
Learn what Huntington's Disease is, what its symptoms are, how it's passed down genetically and what treatments are available. Also, how is it similar to and different from Alzheimer's disease?
Not sure what to do or say to someone with Alzheimer's disease? Start by skipping these 10 things, and you'll be way ahead.
Share your experience as a caregiver or professional relating to Alzheimer's?
Confused about how to distinguish delirium from dementia? Here's a practical guide outlining the differences, as well as tips on how to spot delirium in someone who has dementia.
Although there's no cure for Alzheimer's, there's often confusion about whether it's a fatal disease. Learn about the prognosis for someone who's been diagnosed with Alzheimer's.
Interested in preventing Alzheimer's and keeping your brain healthy? Here are 10 things you can do to decrease your risk of dementia.
Six Types of Elder Abuse. How seniors are abused physically, psychologically, sexually, financially or by neglect.
Lewy body dementia is one of the second most common types of dementia, along with vascular dementia. Learn about the prevalence, causes, risk factors, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of Lewy body dementia. Page 2.
The late stages of Alzheimer's are a time of slowing down compared to earlier stages, when behavioral symptoms are more prominent. Still, it's important to know about late-stage symptoms and how to provide optimal care in regard to nutrition, bowel and bladder issues, immobility, infections and illnesses, and pain and comfort. Learn about the late stages of Alzheimer's disease.
Early diagnosis of dementia is key for treatment and planning, so if you're going to be spending time with your loved ones soon, take note of these signs that might indicate mild dementia.
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Learn what validation therapy consists of and how to use it to help people with Alzheimer's or other dementias.
Interested in keeping your brain healthy? There's no sure way to prevent Alzheimer's yet, but maintaining an active brain helps reduce the risk. Try these 12 fun ways to keep your mind in shape!
Although there are several ways to screen for dementia, the verbal fluency test is one of the quickest ways. Learn how to administer and score this simple cognitive test, as well as how to interpret the results.
My doctor has recommended a CT scan. What is it and how do CT scans work?
The clock drawing test is an assessment that can be used as a part of a neurological test or as a screening tool for Alzheimer's and other types of dementia.
Although there is no single test that can definitively diagnosis Alzheimer's disease, a qualified physician can diagnose Alzheimer's with over 90% accuracy. Learn what to expect during a diagnostic workup and what kinds of specialists may be involved in the process.
A simple word test may be the key to early diagnosis of Alzheimer's.
In Alzheimer's disease incontinence often becomes a major source of stress for the person with Alzheimer's and their caregivers. In this article I look at the condom catheter for men.
Sometimes challenging behaviors in dementia take the form of obsessive-compulsive actions. Learn how to respond to them.
What is visuospatial ability and how is it relevant to people with Alzheimer's disease?
If you or someone you know has recently been diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease, it can be helpful to know what to expect. Learn about the symptoms, emotions and impending decisions associated with early stage Alzheimer's disease.
A type of dementia that occurs if a patient develops a progressive dementia at least two years after a diagnosis of Parkinson's disease has been made.
When it comes to Alzheimer's disease, seeing the right kind of professional is crucial to receiving the proper care and treatment. But who do you see? The medical field has split itself into so many specialties that finding the right professional can be a daunting task. Read on to determine what kind of expert will best meet your specific needs. Of course, always check to make sure professionals are licensed or certified to practice their specializations.
Are you caring for someone with dementia? Learn eight reasons why it's critical to offer meaningful activities to people who have Alzheimer's and other types of dementia.
Reading Blood Pressure & Pulse
Learn what the Trail Making Test consists of, how Part A differs from Part B, how it's scored and how it's used to screen people for dementia.
Reminiscence is something we all do and the older we get the more likely we are to fall back on our memories. This perfectly natural activity can have a great therapeutic effect with people who suffer with memory loss for recent events. Tapping into a persons past can not only reveal a rich seam of insight and wisdom, but it can be a real tonic for someone who has memory difficulties as a result of their condition. Read more about reminiscence therapy.
Preventing falls is an important goal when caring for someone with dementia. Understanding why people fall is one key to reducing them. Learn about some common causes and contributors to falls, and what you can do to help.
Understanding The Blood Pressure Reading
There's quite a bit of information circulating about using coconut oil to treat and prevent Alzheimer's disease. I did some research, and here's what I found.
Learn what the Stroop test, what it's used for, and how effective it is as an assessment for early stage Alzheimer's disease.
Have you ever experienced that tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon? That's a frequent frustration for many people, including those who are living with Alzheimer's and other dementias. Learn about some of the causes of word-finding difficulties, as well as some practical suggestions for how to respond to them when they occur in a loved one with Alzheimer's.
Communicating and talking with someone who has dementia requires a few modifications. Here are a few ideas to help you communicate in the most effective way
Neurosyphilis a dementia caused by syphilis
Learn about the benefits and cautions of using reality orientation as an approach to confusion in people with dementia.
How long is it useful to provide medication or someone with Alzheimer's disease? There are a number of important things you need to consider
How do you know when to move your loved one into a nursing home? This decision is a challenging one, so here are some tips for you to think about as you consider this choice.
What's the difference between Alzheimer's disease and dementia? How common is Alzheimer's, and can other disorders mimic it? What symptoms indicate that a person might have Alzheimer's disease, and how is it diagnosed and treated? Learn the basics about Alzheimer's disease.
Despite being a pejorative, confusing term, the word senile has a fairly straightforward meaning: the state of being aged. Because the words senile and senility connote infirmity, feeblemindedness, and even dementia, they are usually best avoided when describing an aging person.
Fifty ideas for activities for Alzheimer's.
The Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale- Cognitive Subscale test is one of the most frequently used tests to measure cognition in clinical trials.
The earlier stages of Alzheimer's affects cognitive processes more than physical functioning. Late-stage Alzheimer's affects control bodily systems.
Blood pressure results from two forces. One created by the heart as it pumps blood into the arteries through the circulatory system. The other is the force of the arteries as they resist the blood flow.
Learn about different kinds of challenging behaviors in dementia, why they develop, their prevalence, and how to respond to them.
The Mini-Cog is a rapid Alzheimer's screening test that takes only 3-5 minutes to administer. It combines 3-item recall with the clock-drawing test.
Frontotemporal Dementia is a fairly common dementia, yet is often misdiagnosed initially. Learn about its symptoms, prognosis and treatments, as well as how it differs from Alzheimer's.
Learn how the Digit Span Test is conducted and what it assesses.
The paranoia and delusions that can be part of Alzheimer's and other dementias can be hard to handle, especially when loved ones make accusations or become angry with us. Review these suggestions of how to cope with and respond to these challenging behaviors in dementia.
Learn how thyroid disorders including hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism can affect your ability to concentrate, remember, react and visually process information.
Urinary tract infection in the elderly or in people with Alzheimer's can profoundly affect not only their health but can result in significant behavioral changes.
If you're a caregiver for a family member or friend with dementia, there are often lots of challenges and rewards that come with that role. Sometimes we get stuck in patterns without intending to, and not all of those habits are helpful. Do you struggle with any of these areas in the role of caregiver for your loved one?
In Pick's disease the brain tissue changes and loss occurs in focal areas of the brain rather than the generalized damage associated with Alzheimer's.
Alzheimer's disease causes many problems, including anxiety. This feeling of uneasiness, fear, and apprehension occurs in many who have Alzheimer's, particularly during the early and middle stages of the disease. Anxiety can increase distress for both individuals with Alzheimer's and their caregivers, but a number of pharmaceutical and behavioral strategies can help.
Wondering what the term combative behavior means? Or, perhaps you are well aware of its definition but are wondering how you should respond to it. Learn some practical techniques for responding to combative behavior in people with dementia.
Confused about how to treat Alzheimer's disease? Learn about drug therapy and non-drug approaches for the symptoms of Alzheimer's.
The possibility of an Alzheimer's disease diagnosis can elicit stress and anxiety. Reduce this anxiety by learning what tests are used to diagnose Alzheimer's,which doctor you should go to for an evaluation and how to prepare for the appointment.
Also known as pressure ulcers, bed sores, or skin ulcers; pressure sores are areas of damaged skin and tissue at the points on the body where sustained pressure, friction or moisture leads to the skin being injured.
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Learn about some of the symptoms and challenges of mid-stage/moderate Alzheimer's, and how you can respond well to them.
Are you faced with a decision about feeding tube placement for your loved one with Alzheimer's? Learn about the pros and cons of tube feeding in late-stage dementia.
Learn what the Boston Naming Test is, what it measures, how its scored and how effective it is at identifying Alzheimer's and other dementias.
Alzheimer's disease can create challenging behaviors such as aggression, agitation, apathy, confusion, hallucinations, repetition, sundowning, suspicion, and wandering. Learn how to manage the challenging behaviors associated with Alzheimer's disease.
Younger people with dementia, their caregivers and children have to face problems that older people with Alzheimer's disease do not. Roughly a third of young people with Dementia have Alzheimer's disease. Early onset Alzheimer's can develop in some very rare cases in people in their thirties.
Changing the caregiver's approach to challenging behavior in Alzheimer's disease can improve coping and quality of life for both those with Alzheimer's and their loved ones. Rather than first resorting to medication to handle agitation or aggression in Alzheimer's, try these eight practical tips.
Hallucinations can occur in several types of dementia, but people with Lewy body dementia are particularly prone to experience repetitive hallucinations. Learn more about this phenomenon, including some tips for responding to and treating hallucinations in Lewy body dementia.
The causes of memory loss range from simply being distracted to Alzheimer's disease. Learn about the different reasons we forget information.
Do you have questions about nursing homes? I've compiled some frequently asked questions and answers on different care options, the associated benefits and concerns, and payment options.
If you find yourself worried about the adjustment of your loved one to a nursing home or other care facility, here are 5 ways to help him adjust to this change and soon feel at home.
Wondering what primary progressive aphasia is? Here's an overview of its symptoms, treatment, and prognosis, as well as how it differs from other more well-known neurological problems, such as Alzheimer's.
Fungal nail infections may be difficult to treat and may often recur. It can result in permanent damage.
If someone with Alzheimer's disease had their cognition restored, what would they say? See life from their perspective and learn what they might wish you knew about them.
Get the facts on Namenda (memantine HCL), a unique drug used to treat the symptoms of Alzheimer's disease. Learn how Namenda works, its uses and dosages, possible side effects and interactions, precautions, and most importantly, its effectiveness.
Neuropsychological testing is sometimes used in the evaluation of Alzheimer's disease to learn more about the nature and level of a person's impairment. Learn about neuropsychological tests commonly used to diagnose Alzheimer's disease, such as the ADAS-Cog, Blessed Test, CANTAB, Clock Drawing Test, Cognistat, and NPI.
Symptoms of Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) in Alzheimer's Disease
You are worried that the way you are feeling or the problems you are experiencing may be sings or symptoms of Alzheimer's disease. Check yourself out against this information about the major symptoms of Alzheimer's
Is there a difference between Alzheimer's disease and normal age-related memory loss? While people do experience minor changes in their memory and thinking as they age, these changes don't affect daily functioning or the ability to live independently. Learn about the differences between normal age-related memory loss and Alzheimer’s disease.
When Alzheimer's disease strikes someone before the age of 65, it is known as early-onset Alzheimer's disease. Learn about the diagnosis, treatment, and caregiving challenges of early-onset Alzheimer's.
Without private insurance, it may seem like paying for Alzheimer's care will cripple the family budget. From Medicare to disability income, though, there are options for those without insurance. Although this assistance may not completely eliminate the financial burden associated with a diagnosis of Alzheimer's, these government and state programs can provide a helping hand along the way.
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Perhaps you're considering designating someone to make medical decisions if some day you're not able to clearly communicate your preferences. Learn the benefits of, and how to draw up, a durable power of attorney for healthcare.
Consider these suggestions for how to cope with foul language in a loved one with dementia.
What is the long-term memory, and how Alzheimer's disease affects its functioning? What's the best way to respond to memory loss in others?
Do you or your loved one take more than five medications? Learn about the risk of too many medications and how drug interactions can cause signs of delirium and dementia.
Elopement is a dangerous outcome of wandering that occurs often in people with dementia who reside in nursing homes and assisted living facilities.
What is behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia? Learn about its symptoms, treatment and prognosis, as well as how it differs from Alzheimer's disease.
Alzheimer's disease can cause inappropriate behavior with sexual overtones (undressing in public) as well as take a toll on physical intimacy, especially when the afflicted partner can no longer give meaningful consent. Learn what sexuality changes to expect in relation to Alzheimer's disease and how to cope with them.
Learn how dementia with Lewy bodies and Parkinson's disease dementia are alike and different from each other.
Get the facts on Aricept, or donepezil HCL, one of the most widely used drugs to treat the symptoms of Alzheimer's disease. Learn how Aricept works, its uses and dosages, possible side effects and interactions, precautions, and most importantly, its effectiveness.
Fecal incontinence is stigmatizing, embarrassing and causes misery to both with person with Alzheimer's and their caregiver.
Learn how prevalent hip fractures are in people with dementia, the prognosis for recovery, and how you can help prevent falls and fractures.
Alzheimer's disease is a devastating illness, but unique treatments like the hormone melatonin may be able to improve difficult symptoms such as sleeplessness and sundowning. Learn about melatonin and what research has found about its benefits for people with Alzheimer's disease.
When a person has a memory impairment, what does that mean?
Are you confused about how to talk with someone who has Alzheimer's disease? Learn some basics about how to approach people who have dementia, including your words, tone of voice and non-verbals.
Want to know what to eat to decrease your risk of Alzheimer's? Try these 11 foods for better brain health and functioning.
Ever wondered what person-centered care really means? Learn how it differs from a traditional model of care and how it can help improve the quality of life for people with Alzheimer's disease and other types of dementia.
Have you ever seen a person with Alzheimer's disease restrained in their wheelchair? If so, how did this make you feel? Learn about the risks of using restraints for people who have dementia, as well as some compassionate alternatives to this practice.
Snoezelen is a type of therapy that was developed in the Netherlands in the seventies by institutions caring for severely disabled people. The idea of snoezelen is to have both relaxing and activating effects that promote well-being.
Many people would be surprised at how these two types of facilities have become more similar than different over the past 15 years, with assisted living facilities accepting residents with more physical, psychiatric, and cognitive problems than they have in the past. The major differences between the two settings will be addressed in this article, including regulations, staffing, and medication issues.
It is estimated that up to 70% of people with Alzheimer's disease will experience disruption of nighttime sleep. Practitioners recommend a variety of coping mechanisms for sleep disorders, ranging from medication to changes in daily routines. Learn how to manage sleep disturbance in Alzheimer's disease.
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This article distinguishes forgetfulness due to normal aging and memory loss from symptoms that may indicate early Alzheimer's disease.
Depending on which part of the brain is suspected as the cause of dementia, the dementia may be classified as either cortical or subcortical.
What does it mean if your doctor says you have mild cognitive impairment? Learn how MCI is similar to and different from Alzheimer's disease and normal forgetfulness.
Ever wonder why someone with dementia calls out or cries frequently? Learn a few reasons why this behavior might be present, as well as some possible ways you might be able to help improve the person's quality of life.
Clinical research has identified several factors associated with a lower risk of developing Alzheimer's. One of the more frequently referenced ones is physical exercise. Learn why and how researchers think exercise helps both the body and the brain.
The extrapyramidal motor system is a neural network located in the brain that is involved in the coordination of movement.
Years ago, memory loss was considered to simply be an inevitable part of aging. Today, however, we know that memory loss once considered normal now may be an early sign of disease, or mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Learn more about mild cognitive impairment and memory loss in aging adults.
While it's important to keep your loved one comfortable during late-stage Alzheimer's, this can be challenging because the disease affects your relative's ability to tell you when he or she is uncomfortable. Here are three ways to recognize pain in late-stage Alzheimer's disease.
When taking blood pressure the lower part of the cuff needs to be about 2cm from the elbow
Learn about what hoarding is, why it sometimes accompanies dementia and how we can respond to it.
Regardless of whether they are home or not, many people with Alzheimer's disease repeat that they want to go home. What this means, and how to respond.
Delirium can significantly impact both the immediate and long-term health of people. Understand its symptoms, risks and non-drug approaches.
Check out our top picks for automatic blood-pressure machines.
What does it mean when my doctor refers to cognitive symptoms?
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may detect signs of Alzheimer's disease even before mental impairment becomes obvious, though it hasn't yet been confirmed as a foolproof diagnostic tool. Learn about MRI, its current uses and future prospects in the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease.
Wondering how you can make sure your loved one doesn't wander out the door in the middle of the night? Consider these types of door alarms.
How do I know if Alzheimer's is affecting executive functioning?
Now that Alzheimer's disease is recognized as a growing health problem among older (and sometimes, younger) adults, a variety of screenings for memory problems have been developed and offered as means of early detection. There are arguments on both sides of the issue regarding whether screenings for memory problems are a good idea. The decision is up to you, but in order to make an informed choice, here are six things you should know about memory screenings.
Alzheimer's treatment for mood and behavior challenges is comprised of non-drug approaches (the first line of defense) and drug therapy. Drug therapy typically involves the psychotropic class of medications including antipsychotics, antidepressants, mood-stabilizers, hypnotics and anti-anxiety medications.
Your loving mother's personality appears to have dramatically changed in the last few months. Does she have dementia, and how do you cope with this challenge?
Although science is getting closer, there's still no simple Alzheimer's disease test. Instead, physicians start by ruling out other causes of symptoms such as memory loss, confusion, and difficulty executing simple tasks. Alzheimer's disease diagnosis almost always includes blood testing. Learn more about the blood tests involved with Alzheimer's disease diagnosis and what else these tests may discover.
There is evidence that people with dementia admitted to psychogeriatric nursing homes and care facilities die comparatvely quickly.
Do the early stages of Alzheimer's disease only affect your memory, or are there also changes in your physical abilities such as walking? Learn more about some of the possible physical symptoms of dementia.